Hair loss and androgenetic alopecia
Finding a cure for baldness, preventing hair loss, or finding a "magic wand" for thinning hair has undoubtedly been a challenge for researchers and doctors for a long time. Surgery produced the hair transplant method, and the advanced surgical method of F.U.E. (Follicular-Unit Extraction) is less aggressive because no scalpel is used, so there is no scarring. However, it is still an operation with all the risks and side effects that come with it.
PRGF for treating baldness and alopecia
Since the treatment with blood plasma has proven to be so good, research on its application to the scalp as well was conducted a few years ago. It has shown that blood plasma treatment works for both male and female alopecia and common baldness, even when it is genetically determined. Treatment with PRGF, using your own blood plasma, stimulates the renewal of blood vessels and the hair itself due to the concentrated growth factors that are injected into the scalp. The method is the same as the one used for skin rejuvenation and has proven to be very effective in treating baldness and thinning hair. Milojević Polyclinic is among the first in Europe to apply this new method that will change the lives of many.
Both women and men suffer equally
Although medicine says that hair loss in men and women is a normal physiological phenomenon, many still perceive it as a problem that significantly affects the quality of life, in both sexes equally. Research has shown that women are, clearly, more sensitive to increased hair loss. It is a relatively common disorder that affects about 50% of men and a slightly smaller percentage of women older than 40. Thinning of scalp hair in men (or androgenetic alopecia) is primarily characteristic of the male population and is mostly genetically conditioned. Thinning of the scalp hair in women has the same origin, but the clinical picture is somewhat different. However, in both men and women, hair loss and thinning of the scalp hair are characterized by a progressive shortening of the hair growth cycle and a reduction in the number of hair follicles, leading to gradual follicle deterioration. In addition to genetically conditioned and physiological hair loss, the most common causes are seasonal hair loss, iron deficiency, thyroid disorder, or certain medications. So far, the treatment method has been the local application of Minoxidil, which is effective in 30% of patients, but with significant side effects, such as irritation, folliculitis, and potentially increased hair growth on other parts of the face and body. Finasteride tablets are less popular because their frequent side effect is loss of libido, and they can only be taken by men.
Safe and effective solution to baldness
Because of all this, patients are nowadays looking for treatments that involve minimal risk and cause no side effects. And that's exactly what plasma treatment is. Your blood goes through the process of centrifugation, where the platelet-rich plasma is separated. It is then injected into the skin, and growth factors are released from the platelets. They are already known to stimulate the proliferation of stem cells and prolong the hair growth phase. After the treatment, the hair is denser, thicker, and of better quality. Research shows an increased number of follicular units, which proves the true effectiveness of the treatment. For men, the treatment is more effective in the initial stage of hair loss, and for women in all stages. It is necessary to undergo 3 plasma treatments at intervals of 3 to 4 weeks for optimal results.
In addition, it can be combined with scalp mesotherapy where a cocktail of different vitamins that stimulate hair growth is injected into the scalp. Among them, vitamin B and hyaluronic acid stand out, so the treatment is ideal against hair loss, for dry, damaged, lifeless hair and persistent dandruff. The treatment should be undergone every 15 days, and 10 injections are required for optimal results.
PRP treatment after a hair transplant
There are many reasons for recommending PRP after a hair transplant. The benefits of using PRP to promote healing and hair growth after hair transplantation are focused on three functional applications: maintaining and increasing the viability of hair follicles during and after a hair transplant, promoting and improving tissue repair and the healing process after hair transplantation, and strengthening inactive hair follicles and stimulating the growth of new hair.
It is considered an innovative treatment for some types of hair loss. It strengthens the hair and prevents its loss. Due to these positive effects, it has become a method that is recommended after hair transplantation.
PRP stimulates the growth of hair follicles by the effect of platelet-derived growth factors on hair follicle stem cells. Platelet-derived growth factors cause follicular stem cells to switch from a dormant state to an active state which initiates the process of hair production.
An activity that promotes tissue repair and healing after injury and surgery is the release of platelet-derived growth factors at the site of tissue injury, thereby enhancing tissue repair and healing. The reason for using PRP in outpatient hair transplantation is to use various growth factors associated with platelets: to improve healing, reduce scarring and stimulate maximum hair growth in the transplanted follicles.
As we know, PRP increases hair growth after transplantation. However, platelet-derived growth factors can also awaken dormant hair follicles and produce new hair. PRP is applied after the scalp is slightly injured to stimulate platelets to release growth factors at the site of injury. During the next four months, increased growth and diameter of a strand of hair are observed.
However, after this stage, people wonder how often this treatment should be undergone. There is not just one answer to this question, but several, depending on the person.
Most commonly, PRP treatment can be easily performed 10 days after hair transplantation. Further sessions should be scheduled for 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months later. 4 treatments in total are usually sufficient. It is sometimes carried out 3-4 months after the surgery, and the number of sessions varies depending on the person's condition. Sometimes 3 treatments at 3-week intervals are sufficient. So, there are three different options for PRP treatment after a hair transplant, and the number of PRP treatments and when they are performed varies from one person to another. The structure of the person's scalp, the condition of hair follicles, and how strong the transplanted strands of hair are - all these are taken into account and there is no standard practice for everyone.
Combining PRP with hair transplantation is highly recommended as you will benefit in the long run. Even if you suffer from hair loss in the non-transplanted area, PRP is a good idea.
It should be noted that for PRP treatment to be successful, it must be performed in a reputable clinic.